Web Development Technologies – which are the best?
In current times, the Internet plays a huge role in both everyday life and business. Moreover, a constantly growing number of smartphones makes us browse websites even more often. No wonder that there is a huge demand for creating websites and web applications. The whole process involves a huge assortment of rules and technologies that every web developer should know about. Such a multitude of frameworks and approaches does not make the choice easier. What’s important, you need to choose the right technology exactly to the character of the website or application you will be building. Let’s delve into the matter of creating and developing websites to find out about any dependencies and peculiarities, and find the best solution for every kind of project.
What is Web Development?
Creating websites can include building simple, single, static pages, as well as complex web applications, social networks, marketplaces etc. However, it is not only the appearance and operation on the user side, i.e. the front-end, but also everything on the server-side, back-end or database. What the web application will consist of, what technologies or frameworks will be used depends mainly on its type. Besides, website builders can use content management systems (CMS) to make content changes easier and accessible with basic technical skills. Since the popularization of the Internet, network development is a rapidly growing industry of great importance. Almost every business goes to the internet. Therefore, the demand for web developers is enormous. Increasingly, entire teams are on the project as it is reaching a colossal scale. Now, let’s discuss a little more precisely what web applications consist of:
The back-end is not visible to the user but is responsible for the operation of the entire website. This is what the back-end developer specializes in – creating a kind of the website engine and taking care of the databases and the server, which are also part of the server-side of the web. Therefore, to develop this part, they need various technologies that will not only be used to write just the code, but also handle the databases and website communication with them, and ensure safe operation of the web application.
Ruby on Rails
Ruby on Rails, commonly called RoR or simply Rails is a free and open-source server-side framework for rapid web applications development. Its appearance in 2005 greatly influenced other web frameworks, and to this day, its popularity seems to grow. RoR was written in Ruby using the Model-View-Controller architecture providing default structures for a database, a web service, and web pages. It is based on several main assumptions, such as the speed, ease and pleasure of writing code or the DRY – Don’t Repeat Yourself rule, which consists in avoiding repeating the same work in different places. It also represents the Convention Over Configuration approach, which consists of minimizing the necessary configuration by replacing it with ready-made default, recommended patterns. RoR assumes the possibility of using plugins that will quickly expand applications with various functions, such as logging in or sending pictures. Ruby on Rails has had a huge impact on other web frameworks through its innovative features such as smooth database table creation, migrations and views scaffolding to enable rapid application development, and many frameworks in other languages borrow its patterns.
Angular is a TypeScript-based, open-source framework for developing web and single-page applications. Initially, it was supposed to be version 2 of the popular AngularJS framework, but eventually, it was released as a separate unit due to the backward incompatibility and simple update path of the application. One of the main features of Angular 2 was the ability to develop applications for multiple platforms: web, mobile, and desktop, while AngularJS does not support mobile devices by design. Besides, Angular has no concept of scope or controllers and uses a component hierarchy instead. It is also distinguished by modularity, and many basic functions have been transferred to modules. Unlike React, Angular has a bi-directional data binding feature. It was built with the Model-View-Controller concept in mind, so it can update model changes to the view and vice versa. Angular’s use of bi-directional data binding increases the performance of browser-based applications by updating content quickly and dynamically. It also works for enterprise applications and dynamic web applications as it has a wide range of tools for SPA development.
PHP was created in 1994, so like Python, it has been in the industry for a long time, and therefore quite popular. It is a general-purpose scripting language especially suited for web development. PHP originally meant Personal Home Page, but now stands for recursive PHP initialism: Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP code is usually processed on a web server by a PHP interpreter implemented as a module, daemon (a computer program that runs as a background process, rather than being under the direct control of an interactive user), or as a Common Gateway Interface (CGI) executable. On the webserver, the result of interpreted and executed PHP code, which can be any data type, constitutes all or part of the HTTP response. Additionally, PHP can be used for many development tasks outside of the network context, such as standalone graphics applications. Any PHP code can also be interpreted and executed through the command-line interface (CLI). The PHP language evolved without a written, formal specification until 2014. Since then, work has been underway to create a formal PHP specification.
In addition to the most sought-after technologies, there are also a few that are becoming increasingly relevant. Some of them have been in existence for several years, but now they are starting to gain more popularity.
Laravel is a free, open-source PHP web framework designed to create web applications according to the model-view-controller (MVC) architectural pattern and based on Symfony. Some of the Laravel features are different ways of accessing relational databases, tools to facilitate application implementation and maintenance, a modular packaging system with a dedicated dependency manager and orientation towards syntactic sugar. Syntactic sugar is syntax within a programming language that is designed to make things easier to read or to express.
Both the number and level of advancement of the available web technologies, as well as the observed trends indicate that web development is desirable. Thanks to increasing digitization, improvement is getting bigger. If you are also thinking about developing your website or web application, and want to trust experienced specialists, check out our Web App Development Services.
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