The State of JS – Frontend Development Trends
A frontend developer has much more to choose from than vanilla JS. Below frameworks and libraries are dedicated not only to web development. Actually, they extend the possibilities of using JS for mobile applications, advanced web apps and are used in all kinds of software development.
React is currently the first choice among web developers, according to Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2021. It is a front-end JS library for building user interfaces and UI components. It can be used as a base for creating single-page or mobile applications, but in many cases, it requires extending its capabilities with additional third-party libraries. The main reason is React architecture – it only deals with state management and rendering that state to the DOM. So it may lack some functionality to create fully functional software according to our requirements. As for mobile applications, React is the core of React Native cross-platform technology. It is considered SEO friendly, ensures faster rendering and boosts productivity.
The idea behind Vue was to get the best out of AngularJS and create a lightweight frontend development framework. It is based on the Model-View-ViewModel pattern and allows for extending HTML with HTML attributes called directives. The core Vue.js library focuses only on the view layer. The technology itself is characterized by a progressively adaptable architecture that concentrates on declarative rendering and component composition. As in React, dedicated supporting libraries are needed to extend Vue functionality with routing or state management.
It is another framework for creating graphical interfaces of web applications. However, applications written in Svelte do not have a framework structure, and instead, Svelte generates code that manipulates the DOM directly. It contributes to speeding up the action on the user’s side. Svelte has its compiler to process the application code on the user side when building it. It is written in TypeScript.
Gatsby.js is widely called a static page generator, but generally, it is a web framework that works based on React and GraphQL. It offers static site rendering, focuses on optimizing the website code and is relatively easy to use.
Jamstack is a web development architecture for creating dynamic web platforms using static sites. It began to gain enormous popularity when the concept of headless CMS also began to be popularized, in 2016.
Summary – trends in 2022
To sum up, front-end trends focus on developing available technologies, adapting modern solutions, and constantly adapting to users’ needs.